The International Centre for the Human Rights of Migrants (CIDEHUM, in Spanish) is an international organization with its headquarters in Costa Rica. It was formed in 1999 following the creation of the mandate of the UN Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants by the former United Nations Commission on Human Rights (presently the United Nations Human Rights Council). The resolutions made by global member states that formed the content of that first UN mandate requested that the Special Rapporteur place a special emphasis on the vulnerability of unaccompanied child migrants, undocumented women migrants, and those who become victims of human trafficking crimes and illicit migrant trafficking.
The mandate of the UN Special Rapporteur was created upon the recommendation of the Commission’s Working Group, to which the member states entrusted the task of researching the depth of the migration situation. Pursuant to the 1999/44 Resolution, the former United Nations Commission on Human Rights (presently the United Nations Human Rights Council) appointed Dr. Gabriela Rodriguez Pizarro (a Costa Rican and Chilean national) as the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants. This new mechanism began functioning with the support of the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights.
The centre has developed programs since the year 2000 which are directed towards the protection of the rights of migrants, including the ESCR (Economic, Social and Cultural Rights), gender equality, and the assistance and protection of women and unaccompanied children and adolescents, all of whom are in vulnerable conditions.
Since its creation, CIDEHUM has worked on projects related to human security, conflict prevention, the protection of human trafficking victims, the prevention of illicit migrant trafficking, and the analysis of International Migration Law, all with the support of the Government of Canada. During the two mandates of the UN Rapporteur Dr. Gabriela Rodriguez Pizarro, CIDEHUM helped with missions and meetings in different regions of the world, and participated in talks at conferences, helping to strengthen the level of content related to childhood and adolescence. (Study by P. Piñero about violence against children. 2004/OHCHR).
In recent years CIDEHUM has specialized in working with children, youth and teachers in schools with a high percentage of migrants, conducting training and increasing sensitivity in areas related to the migration phenomenon, the prevention of violence, human rights, and conflict resolution.
In the past two years, CIDEHUM has also carried out research projects related to forced displacement caused by the violence of organized crime groups, specifically in Central America’s Northern Triangle, which is comprised of Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador.
The centre’s headquarters in Costa Rica has a vital role as the central meeting point for dialogue to take place between the governmental and nongovernmental entities and the cooperating international groups that work in the areas of migration and refugees.
CIDEHUM’s interdisciplinary team is made up of a group of professionals in the fields of political science and the social sciences, namely law, psychology, social geography and education, bringing together over 10 years of combined work experience related to displacement, refugees, and migration. They have focused on the protection and assistance of the victims of human trafficking; unaccompanied migrants; as well as anti-discrimination, anti-xenophobia and conflict prevention training for children, adolescents, teachers, and community leaders.
CIDEHUM is currently the Technical Secretary for the Regional Network of Civil Organizations for Migration (RNCOM), which includes NGOs from Canada, the United States, Mexico, all of Central America, Panama, Belize, and the Dominican Republic. CIDEHUM is the representative of civil organizations before the Regional Conference on Migration, and the interlocutor in the ad-hoc group between the Regional Conference on Migration and RNCOM. CIDEHUM is also the Technical Secretary in Costa Rica for the National Network of Civil Organizations for Migration (REDNAM in Spanish).
To promote, from within an integral framework, the effective protection and defense of the human rights of migrants and their families, refugees, those who have been forcibly displaced, those seeking refugee status, and vulnerable migrants in countries of origin, transit, and destination.
To be a regional and national reference, which contributes to the protection, assistance and defence of the human rights of migrants and their families, refugees, those who have been forcibly displaced, those seeking refugee status, and vulnerable migrants. CIDEHUM directly supports the creation of legislation and public policies that are in accordance with international commitments to the human rights of migrants and refugees.
- Ethical Politics
- Gender Equality
- Social Commitment
- Integral Human Development
- Commitment to the Environment