The International Center for the Human Rights of Migrants (CIDEHUM, in Spanish) is an international organization whose head office is in Costa Rica. CIDEHUM was set up on 1999 when a special Rapporteur was created in the United Nations Commission for Human Rights (now UN Human Rights Council) for the effective protection of the Human Rights of Migrants. The resolutions from the member states that gave content to the first mandate of the UN, urged the Rapporteur to emphasize her work in the vulnerabilities that unaccompanied minors and undocumented migrant women face, as likely victims of human trafficking and smuggling networks.
The Rapporteur was set up from the recommendations of a Working Group of the Commission, whose aim was to investigate in depth the migrants’ situation as requested by Member States. Through the 1994/44 Resolution, the UN Human Rights Commission, currently the Human Rights Council, named Dr. Gabriela Rodríguez Pizarro (Costa Rican and Chilean) Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants; giving a start point to this mechanism supported by the OHCHR.
CIDEHUM has been developing programs since 2000 focused on the protection of human rights of migrant people, including the Economical, Social and Cultural Rights (ECSR), gender equity, the attention and protection of unaccompanied children and youngsters, and women under several vulnerable conditions.
From its creation, CIDEHUM has been working in projects concerning Human Safety, conflicts prevention, protection of human trafficking, prevention of smuggling, analysis of the International Migratory Law, with the support of the Canada Government. During the two mandates of the Rapporteur, CIDEHUM supported its work with studies and Conferences talks to strengthen the content regarding children and youth.
In the past years, CIDEHUM has specialized its attention on children, youngsters and teachers from schools with elevated rates of migrant population, as well as in developing trainings to sensitize on the migratory process, the prevention of violence, the Human Rights and the conflicts’ resolution.
Moreover, the head quarter has lead investigations on forced displacement caused by the Organized Crime (OC), particularly in the Northern Triangle of Central America, comprising Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador. Besides, studies concerning the forced displacement due to the climate change and its impacts on the communities’, have also been conducted.
Furthermore, the head quarter has a vital role as a focal point of intercommunication among the governmental stances, the non governmental, and the international cooperation, working on the migrants and refugees dynamics.
CIDEHUM’s teamwork is interdisciplinary, being conformed by a group of professionals with backgrounds going from political science, law, psychology, social geography and education; summing a cumulative experience on Refugees, Displacement and Migration, larger than a decade. Special attention has been put to protection and attention of human trafficking victims, unaccompanied migrants, studies and trainings for children, youngsters, teachers and community leaders on Non-discrimination, anti-xenofobia and conflicts’ prevention.
From 2011, CIDEHUM has lead training and sensitization processes that have allowed to strengthen the knowledges of justice operators, civil servants from public institutions, Civil Society Organizations,, and human rights defenders of migrants, on the following subjects: Human Rights, Migration, Refugees, Forced Displacement, Organized Crime, Human Trafficking, Smuggling, Psycho-social aspects, Access to the Judicial system, Human Rights Defenders, International Penal Law and Humanitarian Law.
Regarding the training experience, CIDEHUM has developed curricular net and training modules from the achieved experience on the training processes at both national and regional levels. In these processes, more than 360 civil servants and human rights defenders have been trained. Additionally, on the first trimester of 2014, 150 justice and governmental institutions civil servants, Civil Society Organizations, Human Rights Defenders and communicators from Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador, have participated in such sessions.
These initiatives have come to generate alliances with national and regional institutions, whose aim is to strengthen actions towards the protection of the human rights of migrants, forced displacement due to the Organized Crime, asylum seekers and refugees; sensitizing on the new migratory reality of the region.
At the present moment, CIDEHUM is the Technical Secretary of the Regional Network of Civil Organizations for Migrations (RNCOM, in English), whose members are set in: Canada, USA, Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Panama, and the Dominican Republic.
RNCOM represents the civil society organizations in the Regional Migration Conference (RMC) and is the interlocutor in the Ad-Hoc group between RMC and RNCOM. Moreover, CIDEHUM has the Technical Secretary of the National Network of Civil Organizations for Migrations (NNCOM, in English) in Costa Rica.
On 2013, CIDEHUM created the International Association Center to Protect the Human Rights of Migrant People (ACIDEHUM, in Spanish) whose aim is to strengthen the organization and to contribute to the effective protection of Human Rights of migrant people, facing vulnerable conditions, putting special emphasis on unaccompanied minors and undocumented women. Protection includes the fight against discrimination, xenofobia, as well as attention to human trafficking victims, and smuggling victims.